Reports suggest a role of endothelial dysfunction and loss of endothelial barrier function in COVID-19. It is well established that the endothelial glycocalyx-degrading enzyme heparanase contributes to vascular leakage and inflammation.
Tags: Heparanase, Inflammation
Konrad Kleszczyński, Andrzej T Slominski, Kerstin Steinbrink, Russel J Reiter PMID: 32847033 PMCID: PMC7551551 DOI: 10.3390/nu12092561 AbstractThe recent pandemic of COVID-19 has already infected millions of individuals and has resulted in the death of hundreds of thousands worldwide. Based on clinical features, pathology, and the pathogenesis of respiratory disorders induced by this and other highly [...]
Tags: immune response, Inflammation, Melatonin
Reference: Glucocorticosteroids enhance replication of respiratory viruses: effect of adjuvant interferon
Glucocorticosteroids (GCS) are used on a daily basis to reduce airway inflammation in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This treatment is usually escalated during acute disease exacerbations, events often associated with virus infections.
Tags: Glucocorticosteroids, Inflammation
Evidence accumulated over the last 5-10 years indicates that glucocorticoids (GCs) inhibit the production of interleukin (IL)-12, interferon (IFN)-gamma, IFN-alpha, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and T helper (Th)1 cells, but upregulate the production of IL-4, IL-10, and IL-13 by Th2 cells.
Categories: I-RECOVER Long Covid