• Published On: December 3, 2021

    Jorge R Miranda-Massari, Alondra P Toro, Doris Loh, Jose R Rodriguez, Raul Morales Borges, Victor Marcial-Vega, Jose Olalde, Miguel J Berdiel, Neil H Riordan, Juan Manuel Martinez, Armando Gil, Michael J Gonzalez PMID: 34947872 PMCID: PMC8708699 DOI: 10.3390/life11121341 AbstractCurrently available anti-viral drugs may be useful in reducing the viral load but are not providing the [...]

    Categories: I-PREVENT

  • Published On: January 31, 2011

    Oxidative stress acutely increases the permeability of the vascular endothelium to large molecules that would not otherwise cross the barrier. Ascorbic acid is an antioxidant that tightens the endothelial permeability barrier, so we tested whether it might also prevent the increase in endothelial permeability due to cellular oxidative stress.

    Categories: MATH+

  • Published On: May 1, 1995

    The macromolecular permeability of cultured bovine aortic, bovine venous, and human umbilical vein endothelial cell monolayers was decreased significantly in culture medium containing L-ascorbic acid (Asc Acid; 0.01-0.1 mM) and L-ascorbic acid 2-phosphate (Asc 2-P). Dithiothreitol, which shows reducing activity equivalent to that of Asc Acid, did not affect endothelial permeability. Asc Acid induced a sixfold increase in collagen synthesis by the endothelial cells. The coexistence of L-azetidine 2-carboxylic acid, an inhibitor of collagen synthesis, attenuated the effect of Asc 2-P in a dose-dependent manner. Another collagen synthesis inhibitor, ethyl-3,4-dihydroxybenzoate, also inhibited collagen synthesis and increased endothelial permeability. The decrease in permeability of the endothelial monolayer was dependent on a reduction of the permeability coefficient of the endothelial monolayer. These findings indicate that endothelial barrier function is stimulated by Asc Acid via an increase in collagen synthesis.